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RevStar Consulting | The 5 Types Of Technical Debt Every CTO Should Be Aware Of | Blog image

As a CTO or Director of Software Development, you know the importance of properly managing technical debt. Technical debt is a software development term used to describe mistakes made during the development process and their impacts on future projects. This means that any decisions made today can have long-term repercussions and it's essential to know how to identify and address different types of potential technical debts in order to mitigate risk for your organization going forward. In this blog post, we'll explore five key varieties of technical debt so that CTOs, CIOs, CISOs, and other tech leaders within an organization can be better informed about understanding & navigating this financial burden. 

Design Debt

As technical debt continues to challenge businesses, design debt is increasingly becoming a reality that businesses must address. Design debt happens when developers are forced to change code after the product has been designed, which leads to technical issues that must be addressed in the future. Companies should take proactive measures to mitigate design debt by designing the product correctly from the start, budgeting for technical debt, and taking advantage of code refactoring opportunities as they present themselves. Proper training of development teams can also help reduce technical debt, ensuring everyone is following best practices and correctly implementing designs throughout the project life cycle.

Implementation Debt

Technical debt, more specifically implementation debt, is an issue that impacts software development teams and the technical performance of their projects. With implementation debt, code can become tangled, making it difficult to understand its purpose or update/string corrections when needed. It can also create performance issues if not properly controlled as code can be written incorrectly or duplicated which can slow down project execution time. To avoid technical debt from becoming mounting and debilitating, technical best practices should be established and strictly adhered to by project team members. This will ensure that coding efforts are reliable and high-quality, helping the organization's operations move along smoothly.

Tooling Debt

Tooling debt is a subset of technical debt, referring to technical debt incurred when teams select tools that are not the most well-suited for their tasks. Poorly chosen tools can make what should be a simple process more complex, resulting in slower development cycles and higher technical debt. It’s important to think carefully about technical tooling before making a selection, as while the “better” tool might come with a higher upfront cost, it could actually reduce technical debt in the long run by improving efficiency and streamlining processes. It's rare for organizations to go back and fix technical debt once it has been incurred, so forming good technical habits at the outset will help keep technical debt low and make product development smoother.

Technical Context Debt

Technical context debt is the number of technical decisions that are made with technical shortcomings or less-than-optimal technical solutions. This can include making decisions for speed and convenience that may be more fragile in the long run or needing to support legacy technical systems until they're retired. These technical debts can add up over time and cause serious disruption or loss of efficiency down the road. To prevent this from happening, organizations must take the proactive approach of regularly assessing their technical debt and accounting for it within their development cycles. With careful management and planning, technical debt should be viewed not just as a necessary evil but rather as a means to respond quickly to changing technical requirements with well-researched design decisions.

Technical Process Debt

Technical debt is an important concept for software engineers to understand, as it can have pervasive consequences related to technical processes. Technical process debt specifically refers to technical debt that accumulates due to inefficiencies or lack of refactoring practices in an engineering process. These technical processes could include routine tasks such as code review and project management, but also technical choices such as database design and versioning of systems. The accumulation of technical debt negatively impacts technical processes in terms of time, money, and overall burden on engineering teams. Anticipating technical process debt and planning accordingly can be the difference between a successful tech project versus one that drags the development team through a slog before delivering suboptimal results.


As we all know, incurring technical debt is inevitable in any software development project. The key is to be aware of the different types of technical debt and manage it effectively. By understanding the tradeoffs involved and making informed decisions, you can minimize the interest payments on your technical debt and keep your project on track for success.

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